Issue briefs

Issue briefs...

Monitor learning

What type of data should we collect to assess students’ learning outcomes? How can we use the data to ensure that the quality of education is improving? This collection of issue briefs examines different tools and approaches to monitor learning and put the data to use.

Briefs

Learning in the Sustainable Development Goals

The new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) emphasize that global efforts in education must give central importance to quality and learning. The education targets under SDG 4 refer to ‘quality early childhood development, care, and pre-primary education’ and ‘quality primary and secondary education...

The Global state of learning

The 2020 Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report focuses on the SDG 4 commitment to provide inclusive and equitable quality education and lifelong learning for all. The report puts forward a broader understanding of inclusion – beyond the association to people with disabilities – as a process that...

Quality and learning indicators

Understanding what quality means varies between countries. Different education actors and organizations also have their own definitions. However, most tend to agree on three broad principles: the need for relevance, for equity of access and outcome, and for proper observance of individual rights...

Learning assessments

To improve learning outcomes, policy-makers need to know what students are learning and what needs to be improved. Assessment of learning is an essential element of any education sector monitoring plan. Tests and examinations Classroom tests may be formative or summative, depending on how and when...

Designing a national assessment

In the past two decades, national assessments have emerged as an important tool for providing a measure of educational achievement. Although there is a great variety of national assessment programmes with different aims and purposes, most seek to measure change in learning outcomes over time...

Developing a monitoring framework

The main purpose of any education system is to provide students with the necessary knowledge, skills, and values for effective participation in society. Most countries keep records that focus on counting schools, students, resource inputs, and outputs in terms of examination results. However, many...

Using data to improve the quality of education

There is a worldwide concern that learning outcomes have not kept pace with the expansion of education. The extent of the learning deficit is largely unknown because many countries have few systematic data on who is learning and who is not. Learning assessments provide data on the status of learning...

System-level sssessments

System-level assessments can improve learning if they are designed to ensure validity, reliability, and equity, and if the data is used to inform systemic change. Summative assessments conducted at regional, national, and international levels can serve two major purposes: certifying students’...

Formative assessment

This brief explains how formative assessment can contribute to improving learning and what recurring challenges affect its implementation. It then provides policy recommendations that may help educators and policy-makers overcome these obstacles.