Expectations and aspirations: a new framework for education in the Middle East and North Africa: overview (in Arabic)

Autor(es): El-Kogali, Safaa

Organisation(s): World Bank

Date: 2020

Pages: 54 p.

Education, which had been at the heart of the Middle East and North Africa region’s (MENA) history and civilizations for centuries, has a large untapped potential to contribute to human capital, well-being, and wealth. The region invested heavily in education for decades but has not been able to reap the benefits of its investments. Despite a series of reforms, MENA has remained stuck in a low-learning, low-skills level. Expectations and Aspirations identifies four key sets of tensions that are holding back education in the region: credentials and skills, discipline and inquiry, control and autonomy, and tradition and modernity. These tensions are shaped by society and reflected in schools and classrooms. If not addressed, MENA will continue to operate below its potential. This report outlines a new framework with a three-pronged approach that can help address these tensions and unleash the potential of education in MENA: 1) A concerted push for learning that starts early for all children regardless of background, with qualified and motivated educators, and that leverages technology, uses innovative approaches, and monitors learning. 2) A stronger pull for skills by all stakeholders in the labor market and society that involves coordinated multi-system reforms within and beyond the education system. 3) A new pact for education at the national level with a unified vision, shared responsibilities and accountabilities. Education is everyone’s business and not just the responsibility of the education system.

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