Covid-19 learning deficits in Europe: analysis and practical recommendations

Autor(es): De Witte, Kristof; François, Maxime

Organisation(s): European Expert Network on Economics of Education; European Commission. Directorate-General for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture

Publisher(s): Publications Office of the European Union

Date: 2023

Pages: 60 p.

Serie: EENEE analytical report


A new report from the European Expert Network on Economics of Education (EENEE) provides a comprehensive overview on how Covid-19 has affected learning outcomes of pupils. This report will help to identify which policy measures can be used to reverse any learning losses, by understanding the impact of Covid-19 on the learning outcomes of pupils across age, subject, gender and socio-economic backgrounds. The aim of this report is threefold. Its first section provides an overall sketch of the situation across Europe and the underlying mechanisms for the differences in European countries. The second section focuses on the heterogeneities within each country. It examines the disparities among students in order to understand which of those correlate with larger learning deficits or worsening mental health. Section 3, considers the findings of the first two sections in order to discuss five policy recommendations for the short and long run.

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