The “setting” for the study has been described in the first chapter, with an introduction to the SACMEQ II Project and a description of the structure of the school system in Botswana. Chapter 2 provides a summary of the conduct of the study. This involves the clarification of the research questions, the development of the instruments and the subsequent scaling procedures; the description of the population; sampling procedures and the calculation of sampling errors; data collection procedures, data entry and the cleaning and weighting of the data. Data on pupils’ characteristics and their learning environments have been reported in Chapter 3. Information on teachers’ characteristics and their viewpoints on teaching, classroom resources, professional support, and job satisfaction has been presented in Chapter 4. The analyses of the extent to which school heads’ characteristics and their viewpoints on educational infrastructure, the organization and operation of schools, and problems with pupils and staff have been presented in Chapter 5. In Chapter 6, the results of the analysis of the equitable allocation of educational inputs to regions and also to school within regions have been reported. The achievement results of both pupils and teachers in reading and mathematics have been reported in Chapter 7 while in Chapter 8 the major results have been summarised and suggestions for action by the Ministry have been made.
SACMEQ educational policy research series
Botswana. Ministry of Education
Quality of education
Studies of achievement