The achievement gap is not primarily caused by schools and schools cannot close it on their own. It's roots lie well beyond the reach of educators in social, economic, and other challenges facing African-American and Hispanic children. Schools must do all they can, but closing the gap will require, among other measures, aggressive increases in funding for K-12 education, for preschool and after-school programs, and for medical and social services. These steps appear unlikely. Hence, we must reset expectations for schools, demanding their best effort but celebrating even small gains made against long odds.
Americas and the Caribbean
Studies of achievement