Raising student learning in Latin America: the challenge for the 21st century

Author(s): Vegas, Emiliana; Petrow, Jenny

Publisher(s): World Bank

Date: 2008

Pages: xxii-238 p.

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Improving student learning is the key challenge for education in Latin America and the Caribbean. This book is divided into three parts. Part one focuses on the central role of student learning in education. Chapter one examines why student learning outcomes are important. Chapter two analyzes the extent to which learning takes place in schools in the region. Chapter three discusses some of the advantages and disadvantages of generating and using information on student learning to raise the quality of education. Part two reviews the evidence on the factors and policies that affect student learning. It first presents a conceptual framework that facilitates understanding of the factors that influence student learning. It then reviews the evidence on the impact on student learning of economic, political, and social conditions (chapter four); student endowments and behaviors (chapter five); school endowments and behaviors (chapter six); and institutional factors and policies (chapter seven). Part three focuses on quality assurance and beyond. Chapter eight examines evidence from countries that have succeeded in achieving high levels of learning among most, if not all, students, in order to present policy options on education quality assurance. Chapter nine summarizes the book's main messages and discusses unanswered questions.

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