Public-private partnerships and private actors in secondary education in sub-Saharan Africa: background paper

Author(s): Aslam, Monazza; Rawal, Shenila

Organisation(s): Mastercard Foundation

Date: 2018

Pages: 62 p.

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This background paper was prepared for the Mastercard Foundation report, Secondary Education in Africa: Preparing Youth for the Future of Work. This background paper aims to assess the current status of private provision and public-private partnership (PPP) arrangements at the secondary level in sub-Saharan Africa. The paper will also focus on aspects such as impact and costs of different delivery mechanisms, the roles and responsibilities of stakeholders, including the government, and the environment (be it enabling or hindering) within which the private sector and PPP arrangements function. The paper aims to summarize the latest evidence in relation to the following: current status of PPPs and other forms of private provision, the evidence on impacts and costs of these arrangements, government roles and responsibilities and the enabling environment within which they function. This paper also focuses on important policy questions and implications, including on how entire secondary systems can be strengthened through the reforms and lessons that emerge from managing a PPP. In doing so, it situates the framing and synthesis within a ‘systems approach’. In part, this is visualized as evaluating policy, not only specifically, but with ‘big picture’ foci on the structure of the system within which different actors are influencing each other and within which these policies are being implemented. In addition to reviewing the literature, the paper also presents three case studies (Kenya, Ghana and Uganda) that provide evidence relevant to these themes.

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