Language of instruction in Southeast Asia

Southeast Asian language of instruction policies have traditionally emphasized the official and national languages. However, over the past two decades, a movement towards multilingual education (MLE) has arisen in the region. Currently, policy support for the use of minority learners’ home languages differs widely between Southeast Asian nations. Multilingual education which includes learners’ home language is increasing in Cambodia, the Philippines, Thailand, Timor-Leste, and Viet Nam. This background paper commissioned by the Global Education Monitoring Report attempts to: 1) present the development of language policies in primary and secondary education in the 11 countries of Southeast Asia; 2) review the implementation of these policies and challenges encountered; 3) estimate the percentage of Southeast Asian children who have access to education in their home or first languages; and 4) recommend next steps for monitoring of the language of instruction issues in the region.

author
Kosonen, Kimmo
language
ENG
date
2017
Pages
22 p.
regions
Asia and the Pacific
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themes
Bilingual education
Language policy
Mother tongue instruction
Pays
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
Indonesia
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Malaysia
Myanmar
Philippines
Singapore
Thailand
Timor-Leste
Viet Nam
levels
Primary education
Secondary education

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