Inequality of opportunity in educational attainment in Middle East and North Africa: evidence from household surveys

Education is widely considered as the most important path to social mobility in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), yet there are very few studies of the extent to which it fulfills this promise. In this paper the authors use survey data from seven MENA countries to understand the relationship between schooling attainment of youth and the circumstances into which they are born, namely gender, parent education, and type of community. They consider both the probability of entry and of reaching secondary school using censored ordered probit. They find an alarming degree of inequality of opportunity in attainment in most of these countries, especially in Iraq and Yemen. Previous results of inequality of opportunity in MENA in achievement show that building a level playing field in learning requires much more than free provision of schools; the results of this study find the same for attending and staying in school.

author
Assaad, Ragui
Salehi-Isfahani, Djavad
Hendy, Rana
series
Working Paper
language
ENG
Series volume
834
date
2014
Pages
20 p.
regions
Arab States
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themes
Social barriers to education
Educational equality
Pays
Egypt
Iraq
Jordan
Palestine
Syrian Arab Republic
Tunisia
Yemen

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