The Assessment of Learning Outcomes and Social Effects (ALSE) is a multi-year (2014-2017) study of community-based education (CBE) in Afghanistan, funded by USAID. ALSE has two research components. The first focuses on maximizing learning and educational access via CBE and evaluates various CBE approaches, including variations in teacher recruitment and community engagement. The second focuses on sustaining the gains made in learning and access as an integral component of the Afghan Ministry of Education (MoE) strategy to expand access to education. ALSE operates as a randomized control trial using mixed quantitative and qualitative outcome assessments and measurements. ALSE assesses a CBE program implemented by CARE and CRS (funded by Canada) in 180 villages in the six central Afghan provinces of Bamiyan, Daykundi, Ghor, Herat, Kapisa, and Parwan. The evidence produced by the comprehensive multi-year impact evaluation provides ongoing information that enables policymakers to ensure that both girls and boys across Afghanistan have lasting access to a good quality primary education. This report presents the results of the baseline survey that was undertaken in 129 of the 180 villages at the start of the first year of the program in which CBE classes were provided. It is important to note that the baseline survey was carried out before the program took effect, thus these findings provide descriptive correlations and associations rather than impact assessments. The next round of data was collected in 2015, 1.5 years after the program was implemented. These data took advantage of our experimental randomized control trial design, and, once analyzed, will offer a robust assessment of the program’s effects.
Asia and the Pacific
Studies of achievement