Programmes designed mainly to prepare students for direct entry into a particular occupation or trade (or class of occupations or trades).
UNESCO. 2014. EFA Global monitoring report. Teaching and learning: achieving quality for all. Glossary. Paris: UNESCO
Opportunities for access to higher levels of education are often insufficient, particularly in least developed countries, resulting in a knowledge gap with serious consequences for social and economic development. Therefore, it is imperative to reduce barriers to skills development and technical and vocational education and training (TVET), starting from the secondary level, as well as to tertiary education, including university, and to provide lifelong learning opportunities for youth and adults. (UNESCO, 2016: 40)