The merging of two or more attendance areas to form a larger school (cited in Peshkin, 1982: 4).
As discussed above, school consolidation was part of a broader movement of school reform. In the years between 1930 and 1970, the school term grew longer, class sizes shrank, and teachers became better paid. The average state share of funding for public education more than doubled between 1930 and 1950, from less than 20 percent to roughly 40 percent, and made a smaller jump again in the late 1970s (see Figure 5). The overall effect of these changes was to transform the small, informal, community controlled schools of the 19th century into centralized, professionally run educational bureaucracies. The American public school system as we know it today was born during this brief, tumultuous period (Berry and West: 8).