School-based management


School-based management is the systematic decentralization to the school level of authority and responsibility to make decisions on significant matters related to school operations within a centrally determined framework of goals, policies, curriculum, standards, and accountability (Caldwell, 1).

Caldwell, Brian. 2005. School-Based Management. Education Policy Series 3. Paris; Brussels: UNESCO-IIEP; International Academy of Education.

example of use

The scarcity of women among planners and managers may help explain the lack of reflection on the impact in gender terms of some popular management reforms. Take the example of school-based management (SBM). While the teaching profession is increasingly feminized, the position of head teacher remains male-dominated in many countries. As a result of greater school autonomy, the administrative and managerial workload of principals increases, to the detriment of their role as pedagogical leaders.

De Grauwe, A. 2010. ‘Is Educational Planning Gender-Neutral?’ IIEP Newsletter XXVII (1): 10–11.

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