Act of preparing, or degree of preparedness, for formal reading instruction or any other reading activity or task.
EXAMPLE OF USE
Criterion-related validity refers to the capacity of test scores to predict future performance, or to estimate current performance on some valued measure other than the test itself. For example, a reading readiness test might be used to predict future reading achievement, or a test of dictionary skills might be used to estimate the capacity to use a dictionary (as determined by observation) (Hite, 2001: 49).
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Number of repeaters in a given grade in a given school year, expressed as a percentage of enrolment in that grade the previous school year.
UNESCO. 2014. EFA global monitoring report 2013-2014. Teaching and learning: achieving quality for all. Glossary. Paris: UNESCO
EXAMPLE OF USE
Senegal has been strongly committed to basic education and has rapidly expanded access…. The country is now looking for a better balance between quantity and quality. Indicators of quality still seem to lag behind, however, with relatively high repetition rates in the higher grades, a low ranking in the PASEC survey, and little progress according to the national assessment system (UNESCO, 2005: 52).
UNESCO. 2005. EFA global monitoring report 2005. Education for all: the quality imperative. Paris: UNESCO.
Education has been formally recognized as a human right since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. This has since been affirmed in numerous global human rights treaties, […] [which] establish an entitlement to free, compulsory primary education for all children; an obligation to develop secondary education, supported by measures to render it accessible to all children, as well as equitable access to higher education; and a responsibility to provide basic education for individuals who have not completed primary education (UNESCO and UNICEF, 2007:7).
UNESCO; UNICEF. 2007. A Human Rights-Based Approach to Education for All: A Framework for the Realization of Children’s Right to Education and Rights within Education. Paris: UNESCO; UNICEF.
EXAMPLE OF USE
"The right to education encompasses both entitlements and freedoms, including the:
- right to free and compulsory primary education
- right to available and accessible secondary education (including technical and vocational education and training), made progressively free
- right to equal access to higher education on the basis of capacity made progressively free
- right to fundamental education for those who have not received or completed primary education
- right to quality education both in public and private schools
- freedom of parents to choose schools for their children which are in conformity with their religious and moral convictions
- freedom of individuals and bodies to establish and direct education institutions in conformity with minimum standards established by the state
- academic freedom of teachers and students"