Glossary

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A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
  • DEFINITION

    Act of preparing, or degree of preparedness, for formal reading instruction or any other reading activity or task.

    EXAMPLE OF USE

    Criterion-related validity refers to the capacity of test scores to predict future performance, or to estimate current performance on some valued measure other than the test itself. For example, a reading readiness test might be used to predict future reading achievement, or a test of dictionary skills might be used to estimate the capacity to use a dictionary (as determined by observation) (Hite, 2001: 49).

  • DEFINITION

    Education has been formally recognized as a human right since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. This has since been affirmed in numerous global human rights treaties, […] [which] establish an entitlement to free, compulsory primary education for all children; an obligation to develop secondary education, supported by measures to render it accessible to all children, as well as equitable access to higher education; and a responsibility to provide basic education for individuals who have not completed primary education (UNESCO and UNICEF, 2007:7).

    UNESCO; UNICEF. 2007. A Human Rights-Based Approach to Education for All: A Framework for the Realization of Children’s Right to Education and Rights within Education. Paris: UNESCO; UNICEF.

    EXAMPLE OF USE

    "The right to education encompasses both entitlements and freedoms, including the:

    • right to free and compulsory primary education
    • right to available and accessible secondary education (including technical and vocational education and training), made progressively free
    • right to equal access to higher education on the basis of capacity made progressively free
    • right to fundamental education for those who have not received or completed primary education
    • right to quality education both in public and private schools
    • freedom of parents to choose schools for their children which are in conformity with their religious and moral convictions
    • freedom of individuals and bodies to establish and direct education institutions in conformity with minimum standards established by the state
    • academic freedom of teachers and students"

    'Retrieved from https://www.right-to-education.org/page/understanding-education-right.'