Glossary

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  • DEFINITION

    Reading literacy is understanding, using, reflecting on and engaging with written texts, in order to achieve one’s goals, to develop one’s knowledge and potential, and to participate in society (OECD, 2009: 23).

    EXAMPLE OF USE

    Thus, in the fourteen SACMEQ II countries and territories, the proportion of girls reaching a ‘desirable’ mastery in reading literacy is higher (by more than one percentage point) than the proportion of boys in six countries and lower in only three (UNESCO, 2006: 61).

  • DEFINITION

    Act of preparing, or degree of preparedness, for formal reading instruction or any other reading activity or task.

    EXAMPLE OF USE

    Criterion-related validity refers to the capacity of test scores to predict future performance, or to estimate current performance on some valued measure other than the test itself. For example, a reading readiness test might be used to predict future reading achievement, or a test of dictionary skills might be used to estimate the capacity to use a dictionary (as determined by observation) (Hite, 2001: 49).

  • DEFINITION

    Education has been formally recognized as a human right since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. This has since been affirmed in numerous global human rights treaties, […] [which] establish an entitlement to free, compulsory primary education for all children; an obligation to develop secondary education, supported by measures to render it accessible to all children, as well as equitable access to higher education; and a responsibility to provide basic education for individuals who have not completed primary education (UNESCO and UNICEF, 2007:7).

    UNESCO; UNICEF. 2007. A Human Rights-Based Approach to Education for All: A Framework for the Realization of Children’s Right to Education and Rights within Education. Paris: UNESCO; UNICEF.

    EXAMPLE OF USE

    "The right to education encompasses both entitlements and freedoms, including the:

    • right to free and compulsory primary education
    • right to available and accessible secondary education (including technical and vocational education and training), made progressively free
    • right to equal access to higher education on the basis of capacity made progressively free
    • right to fundamental education for those who have not received or completed primary education
    • right to quality education both in public and private schools
    • freedom of parents to choose schools for their children which are in conformity with their religious and moral convictions
    • freedom of individuals and bodies to establish and direct education institutions in conformity with minimum standards established by the state
    • academic freedom of teachers and students"

    'Retrieved from https://www.right-to-education.org/page/understanding-education-right.'