Glossary

glossary

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  • DEFINITION

    Reading literacy is understanding, using, reflecting on and engaging with written texts, in order to achieve one’s goals, to develop one’s knowledge and potential, and to participate in society (OECD, 2009: 23).

    EXAMPLE OF USE

    Thus, in the fourteen SACMEQ II countries and territories, the proportion of girls reaching a ‘desirable’ mastery in reading literacy is higher (by more than one percentage point) than the proportion of boys in six countries and lower in only three (UNESCO, 2006: 61).

  • DEFINITION

    Act of preparing, or degree of preparedness, for formal reading instruction or any other reading activity or task.

    EXAMPLE OF USE

    Criterion-related validity refers to the capacity of test scores to predict future performance, or to estimate current performance on some valued measure other than the test itself. For example, a reading readiness test might be used to predict future reading achievement, or a test of dictionary skills might be used to estimate the capacity to use a dictionary (as determined by observation) (Hite, 2001: 49).

  • DEFINITION

    Education has been formally recognized as a human right since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. This has since been affiimed in numerous global human rights treaties, […] [which] establish an entitlement to free, compulsory primary education for all children; an obligation to develop secondary education, supported by measures to render it accessible to all children, as well as equitable access to higher education; and a responsibility to provide basic education for individuals who have not completed primary education (UNESCO and UNICEF, 2007: 7)

    EXAMPLE OF USE

    This question brings out the existence of an implicit ranking among rights – some rights are more important than others and should take priority. The discussion above on the weighting of levels of education refl ects this. Most would agree that the more education an individual takes, the better for both the individual and the society in which he or she lives. Nonetheless, there are different views and practices on where society’s obligation to enable individuals to continue pursuing their right to education tapers off and individuals’ obligations to fend for themselves increase (Oxenham, 2010: 28).