Institutions that are not operated by public authorities but are controlled and managed, whether for profit, or not, by private bodies such as non-governmental organizations, religious bodies, special interest groups, foundations or business enterprises.
UNESCO. Teaching and learning: achieving quality for all; EFA global monitoring report, 2013-2014. Paris: UNESCO, 2014.
All diagnoses of the situation of Latin American education indicate that as regards quality and equity the promises have not been kept. The studies have highlighted: the gap between public and private schools and the ensuing difference in achievement levels; high repetition rates; early dropout and low achievement among the poorest populations; over-centralization and a lack of school autonomy; poor working conditions for teachers and difficulties in attracting young people to the profession; learning programmes that do not ensure the acquisition of indispensable life skills; and, finally, insufficient funding (Vaillant, 2005: 36).