The educational deprivation indicator measures the resources available for children’s learning. Fifteen-year-old children are considered deprived when they have fewer than four of eight basic items. The eight items include a desk to study, a quiet place to work, a computer for schoolwork, educational software, an internet connection, a calculator, a dictionary, and school textbooks (OECD, 2009: 35).
For instance in the material well-being domain Bulgaria and Romania are included via the deprivation measures derived from PISA 2009. In both countries very high levels of child educational deprivation are experienced. We can predict that Slovakia, which performs poorly in terms of deprivation outcomes but well in terms of worklessness and poverty to give a middling score, will drop ranks on this domain if Bulgaria and Romania are excluded (Bradshaw and Richardson, 2009: 345).