Decentralization is the transfer of responsibilities from the central level to other actors.
Source: IIEP Training Materials
If decentralization is to be successful – that is, improve policy management and responsiveness – it must be based on an effective and competent central government. Far from disappearing, the state remains a key player in the decentralized system, although its role changes. Some of its responsibilities can even take on increased importance. For example, a successful decentralization policy requires the state to ensure quality monitoring, preservation of equity and professionalisation (Lugaz and De Grauwe, 2009: 4)
Lugaz, Candy and Anton De Grauwe. « Decentralization in education ». IIEP newsletter 27, no 3 (2009): 4.