Essential or basic parts of the curriculum of an educational institution that are studied by all its students even though each has a choice of optional subjects in addition.
According to the EFA Global Monitoring Report 2005, one way to move towards a relevant, balanced set of aims is to analyse the curriculum in terms of inclusion. An inclusive approach to curriculum policy recognizes that while each learner has multiple needs – even more so in situations of vulnerability and disadvantage – everyone should benefit from a commonly accepted basic level of quality education. This underlines the need for a common core curriculum that is relevant for the learner while being taught according to flexible methods (UNESCO, 2009:19).
UNESCO. 2009. Policy guidelines on inclusion in education. Paris: UNESCO