Citizen-led assessments are generally those that are led by citizens or civil society organizations rather than by governments [...]. They are conducted in households rather than in schools and measure basic reading and numeracy skills.
Citizen-led assessments conducted in East Africa have helped shift the thinking of parents from assuming that learning is the sole responsibility of schools and teachers. It has helped raise awareness that parents have a major role to play in their children’s academic education (UIS, 2016: 41).
UIS. 2016. Understanding what works in oral reading assessments: recommendations from donors, implementers and practitioners. Montreal: UIS.