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Does medium of instruction affect learning outcomes? Evidence using young lives longitudinal data of Andhra Pradesh, India

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Author(s)

Nair, P. Sree Kumar

Published by

Young Lives

Series

PERI ESP Working Paper

Serie volume

68

Date

2015

Pages

35 p.

Language

English

Countries

India

This study analyzes the potential link between medium of instruction and student performance at primary school level. Value added models pertaining to the effect of medium of instruction on student achievement are estimated using Young Lives longitudinal data of primary school children in Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Using Math scores to proxy for student achievement the authors find that Telugu (mother tongue) medium students on an average perform significantly better as compared to English medium students after controlling for students ability, household characteristics and parental aspiration. This analysis suggests that introducing English medium of instruction at earlier grades during school life may negatively affect learning outcomes of students.